This field of research involves hardware components for positioning and navigation and is based upon the institute’s own infrastructure. The combination of different sensor elements is a crucial approach when designing optimal navigation solutions for certain applications. Beside various inertial navigation systems the usage of novel sensors are examined. In doing so, the overall goal to develop and test hybrid measurement systems is pursued. Together with results from fundamental research and input from industry, new measurement instruments and sensors can be tested for their positioning and navigation abilities on different platforms. Furthermore, software-based GNSS-receivers are developed in order to test new signal structures and to perform verification experiments before commercial receivers are available on the market. The use of such receivers in teaching is self-evident. It allows students who do not have a classical electrical engineering background to understand how GNSS receivers operate. Thus, during the laboratory courses students can experiment with various signal processing steps without the need to build electronic components or to adapt them to the receiver. This domain also relates to the constantly developing research field of nanosatellites. In cooperation with other institutes we will be able to supply navigation solutions in accordance to the requirements of space missions concerning all technical and operational specifications.